For Immediate Release: October 18, 2019
Alabama Reaches a New Record Low Unemployment Rate of 3.0%
MONTGOMERY – Alabama Department of Labor Secretary Fitzgerald Washington announced today that Alabama’s preliminary, seasonally adjusted September unemployment rate is 3.0%, a new series low, down from August’s previous record setting rate of 3.1%, and below September 2018’s rate of 3.8%. September’s rate represents 2,194,158 employed persons, a new record high, up 75,426 from September 2018’s count. There were 66,919 unemployed persons counted in September, setting yet another record low, compared to 70,608 in August and 84,568 in September 2018.
The civilian labor force grew to 2,261,077, a new high, up from 2,255,088 in August and 2,203,300 in September 2018.
“Here we are again, Alabama! Once again, we’re breaking economic records: new low unemployment rate, more people working than ever before, fewer unemployed people than ever before, and the largest labor force we’ve ever seen,” said Governor Kay Ivey. “While we continue to be proud and amazed at these wonderful numbers, we cannot become complacent and forget our commitment to Alabama – to make sure that everyone who wants a job can have one. We’re working hard to make that a reality, and we will keep pushing for even more economic opportunities for hardworking Alabamians.”
“The job growth that Alabama is experiencing in 2019 is outstanding,” said Washington. “Since January, our economy has grown 55,900 jobs – more than double what economists predicted our job growth for the year would be – and we still have three months to account for! We’re outpacing the nation in over-the-year job growth as well, reaching our largest job growth percentage of the year at 2.3%.”
Alabama’s economy has gained 55,900 jobs since January 2019. Economists predicted that 2019 total job growth would measure 22,200 (source: 2019 Alabama Economic Outlook, published by the Center for Business and Economic Research, Culverhouse College of Business, University of Alabama).
Over the year, wage and salary employment increased 46,600 to a new record high of 2,093,800, with gains in the professional and business services sector (+11,900), the leisure and hospitality sector (+9,400), and the education and health services sector (+5,400), among others. This represents 2019’s highest over-the-year job growth percentage at 2.3%, which surpassed the national job growth percentage of 1.4%. This is the eighth consecutive month in which Alabama’s job growth percentage either sustained or surpassed the national job growth percentage.
Wage and salary employment increased in August by 10,600. Monthly gains were seen in the government sector (+8,100), the education and health services sector (+2,200), and the manufacturing sector (+1,300), among others.
“Not only are we growing jobs, earnings are also increasing,” continued Washington. “In September, Alabamians’ average weekly earnings reached their second highest level in history.”
Total private average weekly earnings increased by $11.97 over the month to $862.70, which also represents an over-the-year increase of $12.81. The only time average weekly earnings were higher was in December 2018, when they measured $866.63.
All counties and major cities experienced rate drops both over-the-month and over-the-year. Wilcox County, which is traditionally the county with the highest unemployment rate, saw its rate reach a record low in September at 6.2%.
Counties with the lowest unemployment rates are: Shelby County at 1.9%, Morgan, Marshall, Madison, and Limestone Counties at 2.1%, and Tuscaloosa, Lee, Elmore, Cullman, Crenshaw, and Baldwin Counties at 2.2%. Counties with the highest unemployment rates are: Wilcox County at 6.2%, Dallas County at 5.2%, and Clarke County at 5.1%.
Major cities with the lowest unemployment rates are: Northport at 1.5%, Vestavia Hills at 1.6%, and Homewood at 1.7%. Major cities with the highest unemployment rates are: Selma at 5.9%, Prichard at 4.9%, and Bessemer at 3.7%.
Members of the media seeking more information should contact Communications Director Tara Hutchison at (334) 309-9014.
“Seasonal adjustment” refers to BLS’s practice of anticipating certain trends in the labor force, such as hiring during the holidays or the surge in the labor force when students graduate in the spring, and removing their effects to the civilian labor force.
The Current Population (CPS), or the household survey, is conducted by the Census Bureau and identifies members of the work force and measures how many people are working or looking for work.
The establishment survey, which is conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), a division of the U.S. Department of Labor, surveys employers to measure how many jobs are in the economy. This is also referred to as wage and salary employment.
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